Applications of Bluetooth

Applications of Bluetooth: The applications of Bluetooth include: (1) Smart homes and Home systems…

Advantages of Bluetooth

Advantages of Bluetooth: i)Wireless internet connectivity:  A number of devices support Bluetooth.…

About PICONET

About PICONET: Bluetooth PICONET The Bluetooth-enabled devices can locate each other, but user acti…

What is Scatternet?

What is Scatternet? Eight devices can be connected in a Bluetooth network called PICONET. One of t…

What is Evolution Data Optimized (EVDO)?

What is Evolution Data Optimized (EVDO)? Evolution Data Optimized (EVDO) is a high rate packet da…

Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA)

Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (AAA): Authentication, Authorization and Accounting (A…

Mobile Station (MS)

Mobile Station (MS): The Mobile Station (MS) communicate with the Base Transceiver Stations (BTSs)…

CDMA 2000

CDMA 2000: CDMA 2000 is a high data rate upgrade path for current users of 2G and 2.5G CDMA standa…

RAKE Receiver

RAKE Receiver: In CDMA system, the multipath interference is reduced by combining direct and refle…

CDMA

CDMA (IS-95): A US digital cellular system based on CDMA that has increased system capacity was s…

Link Budget

Link Budget: A link budget is used for determining the cell coverage by computing the factors that…

MIMO, Multiple Input Multiple Output

MIMO, Multiple Input Multiple Output:  MIMO, Multiple Input Multiple Output MIMO, Multiple input m…

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA)

High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA):  High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) It is a 3GPP …

HSPA (High Speed Packet Access)

HSPA (High Speed Packet Access): HSPA (High Speed Packet Access) It is an enhancement of the UMTS c…

Node B

Node B: Node B takes care of Radio-resource management functions Air-interface processing Node B …

UMTS Architecture

UMTS Architecture: UMTS Architecture The above image shows the UMTS network architecture. As shown…

Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS)

Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS): Universal Mobile Telecommunication System (UMTS…

Demodulation

Demodulation: The part of the transmitted forward channel signal that is important to the user is d…

Modulation

Modulation: The GSM uses 0.3 GMSK modulation . 0.3 describes the 3 dB bandwidth of the Gaussian p…

Ciphering

Ciphering: It changes the contents of eight interleaved blocks by using the encryption methods tha…

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