Difference Between Two Stroke And Four Stroke

The main difference between the two cycles is the power developed. The two-stroke cycle engine, with one working or power stroke every revolution, will theoretically, develop twice the power of a four-stroke engine of the same swept volume. Inefficient scavenging however and other losses, reduce the power advantage For a particular engine power, the two-stroke engine will be considerably lighter—an important consideration for ships.

Nor does the two-stroke engine require the complicated valve operating mechanism of the four-stroke. The four-stroke engine however can operate efficiently at high speeds which offsets its power disadvantage; it also consumes less lubricating oil. Each type of engine has its applications which on board ships have resulted in the slow speed (i.e. 80— 100 rev/min) main propulsion diesel operating on the two-stroke cycle.

At this low speed, the engine requires no reduction gearbox between it and the propeller. The four-stroke engine (usually rotating at medium speed, between 250 and 750 rev/min) is used for auxiliaries such as alternators and sometimes for main propulsion with a gearbox to provide a propeller speed of between 80 and 100 rev/mi. 

difference between two-stroke and four-stroke as shown in the table. 


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